Children are future citizens of the Nation, and their adequate development is utmost priority of the country. Unfortunately, child labor covers children across the world. The world is home to 1.2 billion individuals aged 10-19 years.
The term “child labor” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity. This is harmful to physical-mental development. It refers to work that is mental, physically, socially or morally dangerous for the children. The statistical figures about child workers in the world have variation because of the differences.
Universally child rights are established by the United Nations and United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC).
There are four broad groups of these rights. These four categories cover all civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of every child.
- Right to Survival:
A child’s right to survival starts before a child is born. As per the Government of India, a child life begins after twenty weeks of conception. Therefore the right to survival is inclusive of the child rights to be born, right to least standards of food, house and clothing, and the right to live with dignity.
- Right to Protection:
A child has the right to be protected from neglect, exploitation, and abuse at home, and elsewhere.
- Right to Participation:
Every child has an equal right to engage in any decision making that includes him or her directly or indirectly.
- Right to Development:
Children have the right to all forms of development like Emotional, Mental and Physical. Emotional development is fulfilled by proper care and love of a support system.
The childhood is the great times in the life of everybody which should be positively given a right path to becoming successful in the future as an asset to the country. Without the right track, they may miss living a good life. This can be achieved only by giving a proper education, care and way to progress.